Thyroid cancer starts in the thyroid gland. This gland is found in the front of the neck just beneath the larynx, which is named the voice box. The thyroid gland is part of the endocrine system, which regulates hormones in the body. The thyroid gland absorbs iodine from the bloodstream to provide thyroid hormones, which regulate a person s metabolism.
It’s common for individuals with thyroid cancer to have few or no symptoms. Thyroid cancers are typically diagnosed by the routine test of the neck throughout a general physical exam. they’re conjointly unintentionally found by x-rays or different imaging scans that were performed for other reasons. individuals with thyroid cancer could experience the following symptoms or signs. Sometimes, individuals with thyroid cancer don’t have any of these changes. Or, the reason for an indication could be a unique medical condition that’s not cancer.
1). A lump in the front of the neck, close to the Adam’s apple
3). Swollen glands in the neck
4). difficulty swallowing
5). difficulty breathing
6). Pain in the throat or neck
7). A cough that persists and isn’t caused by a cold
Doctors additionally do tests to learn if cancer has spread to a different part of the body from where it started. If this happens, it’s referred to as metastasis.
For most varieties of cancer, a biopsy is the only certain way for the doctor to understand if a section of the body has cancer. during a biopsy, the doctor takes a tiny sample of tissue for testing during a laboratory. If a biopsy isn’t possible, the doctor could recommend different tests that will facilitate making a diagnosis.
Your doctor could consider these factors when selecting a diagnostic test:
1). the type of cancer suspected
2). Your signs and symptoms
3). Your age and general health
4). The results of earlier medical tests
This section describes choices for diagnosing thyroid cancer. Not all tests listed below will be used for each person.
1). Physical examination.
2). Blood tests.
5). Molecular testing of the nodule sample.
6). Radionuclide scanning.
8). computed tomography (CT or CAT) scan.
9). positron emission tomography (PET) or PET-CT scan.
Thyroid cancer is usually treated by one or a mixture of treatments. Descriptions of the common varieties of treatments used for thyroid cancer are listed below, followed by an outline of common cancer treatments given by stage of a disease.
Treatment choices and recommendations rely on many factors, including:
1). The type and stage of thyroid cancer
2). Possible side effects
3). The patient s preferences
4). The patient s general health
Cancer treatment is usually selected based on tips that have been recommended by panels of skilled physicians. although most thyroid cancer is curable, there can be different opinions on how to treat thyroid cancer, particularly about which combination of treatments to use and the timing of when treatments are done. Patients are inspired to seek a second opinion before beginning treatment because they should be comfortable with the treatment plan they select and should ask regarding clinical trials.
1). Targeted therapy
3). Therapies using medication
4). External-beam radiation therapy
5). radioactive iodine (radioiodine) therapy
6). hormone treatment
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