Pulmonary fibrosis is a lung disease that happens when lung tissue becomes harmed and scarred. This thickened, stiff tissue makes it more difficult for your lungs to work properly. As pulmonary fibrosis worsens, you become progressively more short of breath.
The scarring associated with pulmonary fibrosis could be caused by a multitude of factors. however, in most cases, doctors can not pinpoint what’s causing the matter. when a cause can’t be found, the condition is termed idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.
The lung harm caused by pulmonary fibrosis cannot be repaired, however, medications and therapies can occasionally facilitate ease symptoms and improve quality of life. for a few people, a lung transplant could be appropriate.
Signs and symptoms of pulmonary fibrosis could include:
1) Shortness of breath (dyspnea)
2) A dry cough
4) Unexplained weight loss
5) Aching muscles and joints
6) Widening and rounding of the tips of the fingers or toes (clubbing)
To diagnose your condition, your doctor could review your medical history and family history, discuss your signs and symptoms, review any exposure you’ve had to dust, gases, and chemicals, and conduct a physical test. During the physical exam, your doctor will use a stethoscope to listen carefully to your lungs while you breathe. She or he could also suggest one or more of the following tests.
1) Imaging tests
2) Lung function tests
3) A tissue sample (biopsy)
4) Blood tests
The lung scarring that happens in pulmonary fibrosis can’t be reversed, and no current treatment has proved effective in stopping the progression of the disease. Some treatments could improve symptoms temporarily or display the disease’s progression. Others could assist improve quality of life. Doctors will evaluate the severity of your condition to determine the most appropriate treatment for your condition.
Your doctor could suggest newer drugs, including pirfenidone (Esbriet) and nintedanib (Ofev). These remedies could assist display the progression of idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Both drugs have been approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). Additional medications and new formulations of these remedies are being developed but have not yet been FDA approved.
Using oxygen cannot stop lung damage, but it can:
1) Make breathing and exercise easier
2) Prevent or lessen complications from low blood oxygen levels
3) Reduce blood pressure on the right side of your heart
4) Improve your sleep and sense of well-being
Pulmonary rehabilitation could assist you to manage your symptoms and improve your daily functioning. Pulmonary rehabilitation programs focus on:
1) Physical exercise to improve your endurance
2) Breathing techniques that may improve lung efficiency
3) Nutritional counseling
4) Counseling and support
5) Education about your condition
Lung transplantation could be a choice for folk with pulmonary fibrosis. Having a lung transplant could improve your quality of life and permit you to live a longer life. However, a lung transplant could involve complications like rejection and infection. Your doctor could discuss with you if a lung transplant could be appropriate for your condition.
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