Kidney transplant surgery is considered safe and is ordinarily very successful. A successful kidney transplant relies on how healthy you’re before the transplant, taking care of yourself after your transplant, and closely following your physician orders after the transplant.
CKD (Chronic kidney disease) ordinarily gets worse slowly, and symptoms could not appear until your kidneys are badly damaged. In the late stages of CKD, as you’re nearing kidney disease (ESRD), you could notice symptoms that are caused by waste and extra fluid building up in your body.
You could notice one or more of the under-mentioned symptoms if your kidneys are starting to fail:
2) Muscle cramps
3) Nausea and vomiting
4) Not feeling hungry
5) Swelling in your feet and ankles
6) Too much urine (pee) or not enough urine
7) Trouble catching your breath
8) Trouble sleeping
If your kidneys stop working accidentally, you could notice one or more of the following symptoms:
2) Abdominal (belly) pain
3) Back pain
There are several options for treating kidney failure, including kidney transplant and many types of dialysis. Your physician could assist you to figure out which treatment is best for you.
It’s important to know that dialysis can’t do everything that healthy kidneys do. Therefore, even when you’re on dialysis, you could experience a few of the complications of kidney failure.
Kidneys for transplantation come from 2 different sources: a living donor or a deceased donor.
The Living Donor:
Sometimes family members, including brothers, sisters, parents, kids (18 years or older), uncles, aunts, cousins, or a spouse or close friend may need to donate a kidney. That person is named a “living donor.” The donor must be in excellent health, well informed regarding transplantation, and ready to provide informed consent. Any healthy person could donate a kidney safely.
A deceased donor kidney comes from an individual who has suffered brain death. The Uniform Anatomical Gift Act permits everybody to consent to organ donation for transplantation at the time of death and allows families to supply such permission as well. after permission for donation is granted, the kidneys are removed and stored until a recipient has been chosen.
Transplant evaluation Process:
Regardless of the type of kidney transplant-living donor or deceased donor-special blood tests are required to search out out what variety of blood and tissue is present. These check results facilitate to match a donor kidney to the recipient.
Blood Type Testing:
The first check establishes the blood group. There are four blood types: A, B, AB, and O. everybody fits into one of these inherited teams. The recipient and donor should have either the same blood group or compatible ones unless they’re participating in a special program that permits donation across blood varieties. The list below shows compatible types:
1) If the recipient blood group is a Donor blood type must be A or O
2) If the recipient blood group is B Donor blood type must be B or O
3) If the recipient blood group is O Donor blood type should be O
4) If the recipient blood group is AB Donor blood type may be A, B, AB, or O
5) The AB blood group is the best to match because that individual accepts all different blood varieties.
Blood type O is the hardest to match. although individuals with blood group O could donate to all varieties, they can only receive kidneys from blood group O donors. for example, if a patient with blood group O received a kidney from a donor with blood type A, the body would recognize the donor kidney as foreign and destroy it.
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