Hepatitis C is a viral infection that causes liver inflammation, occasionally leading to heavy liver damage. The hepatitis C virus (HCV) spreads through contaminated blood.
Long-term infection with the hepatitis C virus (HCV) is known as chronic hepatitis C. Chronic hepatitis C is ordinarily a “silent” infection for several years. Until the virus damages the liver enough to cause the signs and symptoms of liver disease. Among these signs and symptoms are:
1). Bleeding easily
2). Bruising easily
4). Poor appetite
5). Yellow discoloration of the skin and eyes (jaundice)
6). Dark-colored urine
7). Itchy skin
8). Fluid buildup in your abdomen (ascites)
9). Swelling in your legs
10). Weight loss
11). Confusion, drowsiness and slurred speech (hepatic encephalopathy)
12). Spider-like blood vessels on your skin (spider angiomas)
Every chronic hepatitis C infection starts with an acute phase. Acute hepatitis C usually goes undiagnosed because it rarely causes symptoms. When signs and symptoms are present, they may include jaundice, along with fatigue, nausea, fever and muscle aches. Acute symptoms appear one to three months after exposure to the virus and the last two weeks to three months.
Health officials recommend that anyone at high danger of exposure to HCV get a blood test to screen for hepatitis C infection. People who could require to talk to their doctors about screening for hepatitis C include:
1). Anyone who has ever injected or inhaled illicit drugs
2). Anyone who has abnormal liver function test results with no identified cause
3). Babies born to mothers with hepatitis C
4). Health care and emergency workers who have been exposed to blood or accidental needle sticks
5). People with hemophilia who were treated with clotting factors before 1987
6). People who have ever undergone long-term hemodialysis treatments
7). People who received blood transfusions or organ transplants before 1992
8). Sexual partners of anyone diagnosed with hepatitis C infection
9). People with HIV infection
10). Anyone born from 1945 to 1965
11). Anyone who has been in prison
Hepatitis C infection is treated with antiviral medications intended to clear the virus from your body. The goal of treatment is to have no hepatitis C virus detected in your body at least twelve weeks after you complete treatment.
If you have developed serious complications from chronic hepatitis C infection, liver transplantation could be a choice. throughout liver transplantation, the operating surgeon removes your harmed liver and replaces it with a healthy liver. Most transplanted livers come from deceased donors, though a tiny number come from living donors who donate a portion of their livers.
In most cases, a liver transplant alone doesn’t cure hepatitis C. The infection is likely to return, requiring treatment with antiviral medication to stop harm to the transplanted liver. many studies have demonstrated that new, direct-acting antiviral drugs regimens are effective at curing post-transplant hepatitis C. Treatment with direct-acting antivirals may also be effective in appropriately chosen patients before liver transplantation.
Although there’s no vaccine for hepatitis C, your doctor will seemingly suggest that you receive vaccines against the hepatitis A and B viruses. These are separate viruses that also could cause liver harm and complicate the course of chronic hepatitis C.
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