An ASD (atrial septal defect) is a hole in the wall between the two upper chambers of your heart (atria). The condition is present at birth (congenital).
Small defects may ne’er cause an issue and may be found incidentally. It’s additionally possible that tiny atrial septal defects could close on their own throughout infancy or early childhood.
Large and long-standing atrial septal defects can harm your heart and lungs. an adult who has had an undetected atrial septal defect for decades could have a shortened life span from heart failure or high blood pressure that affects the arteries in the lungs (pulmonary hypertension). Surgery could be necessary to repair atrial septal defects to prevent complications.
Many childs born with atrial septal defects do not have associated signs or symptoms. In adults, signs or symptoms may start around age 30, but in some cases signs and symptoms may not occur until decades later.
Atrial septal defect signs and symptoms may include:
1). Shortness of breath, especially when exercising
3). Swelling of legs, feet or abdomen
4). Heart palpitations or skipped beats
6). Heart murmur, a whooshing sound that can be heard through a stethoscope
Your or your babies doctor may 1st suspect an atrial septal defect or other heart defects during a regular test. if she or he hears a heart murmur while listening to the heart using a stethoscope.
If your doctor suspects you or your kid has a heart defect, the doctor could request one or more of the following check-ups:
2). Chest X-ray
3). Electrocardiogram (ECG)
4). Cardiac catheterization
5). Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
6). Computerized tomography (CT) scan
Many atrial septal defects shut on their own throughout childhood. For those that don’t close, some little atrial septal defects don’t cause any issues and may not need any treatment. however several persistent atrial septal defects eventually need surgery to be corrected.
If your kid has an atrial septal defect, your child’s cardiologist could suggest monitoring it for some time to see if it closes on its own. Your kid’s doctor will decide when your child desires treatment, rely on your kid’s condition and whether your child has any other congenital heart defects.
Medications won’t repair the hole, however, they may be used to reduce some of the signs and symptoms that can accompany an atrial septal defect. medicine may also be used to reduce the danger of complications after surgery. Medications could embrace those to keep the heartbeat regular (beta blockers) or to reduce the danger of blood clots (anticoagulants).
Many doctors suggest repairing an atrial septal defect diagnosed throughout childhood to prevent complications as an adult. Doctors could suggest surgery to repair medium- to large-sized atrial septal defects. However, surgery isn’t suggested if you have severe pulmonary hypertension because it might create the condition worse.
For adults and kids, surgery involves sewing closed or patching the abnormal opening between the atria. Doctors will evaluate your condition and verify which procedure is most appropriate. atrial septal defects can be repaired using 2 methods:
1). cardiac catheterization
2). open-heart surgery
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